Climate Change Is Just a Theory

first_imgIn fact, I just saw an article on Twitter the other day about a surprisingly large number of skydivers who have been reported as missing because they jumped out of a plane and were never seen again. I think Earth now has, in addition to the ozone layer, a skydiver layer. That’s my “theory.” (Or is it an alternative fact? I get those confused sometimes.)Who gave scientists such an exalted position in the world anyway? We’re talking about people who could have been arrested for indecent exposure (Archimedes), are self-confessed trespassers and safe crackers (Richard Feynman), and who were illegal immigrants (all those Jewish scientists who escaped Nazi Germany). These are people so vain they’ve got at least five different varieties of “Luxuriant Hair Clubs.”Climate change is just a theoryThis conspiracy is so deep it goes all the way back to 1827, when the French scientist and mathematician Joseph Fourier made up the idea of a so-called “greenhouse effect.” Well, I don’t think he called it that, but that’s what he did. He of course tried to confuse everyone by using fancy math and calculating things that ought just to be left alone.But hey, Fourier was a Frenchman. He probably had the Paris Accord in mind when he did that work, knowing that the United States would need to brought to its knees right about now.Now we have all those scientists working on climate change. And I can tell you for a fact (straight-up, not alternative), not all of them would qualify for the The Luxuriant Flowing Hair Club for Scientistsâ„¢ (LFHCfS). Just take a look at the pate of that Michael Mann guy. If he spent more time sawing lumber instead of counting tree rings or playing hockey instead of graphing hockey sticks, he might have kept some of that hair he used to have. (He’d probably have fewer fingers and teeth, though.)It’s just a mass piling-on of all the scientists out there now. They’re calculating and compiling and combobulating all the data they can find to corroborate their “theory of climate change.”You know what happens when a lot of scientists work on one thing? Bad things happen! Think about it. Remember the Manhattan Project? A lot of the world’s best scientists (including the trespassers, safe crackers, and illegal immigrants mentioned above, but no flashers as far as I know) got together and invented nuclear weapons. Now we’ve got a crazy guy with a bad haircut who could send them to kill millions of people any time he gets the urge.The reality of scienceOK, clearly what I wrote above is over the top. (Or is it so clear? It’s getting hard to tell these days.) Science has led to a lot of amazing accomplishments over the past couple of millennia, especially since the Industrial Revolution.Here’s how science really works. When you throw out a crazy idea (e.g., “not all skydivers fall to the ground”), that’s a hypothesis. It’s not a theory. Not even close. For something to be called a theory, it’s got to have some significant experimental evidence behind it. And it has to be something that leads to new predictions that can be tested. As scientists continue to find supporting evidence and refine the theory, it eventually becomes a scientific law.That’s how science works. In the case of climate change, we have huge masses of evidence — literally, in the case of the disappearing Arctic sea ice and the collapsing Antarctic ice shelf. When the vast majority of scientists who work in this field agree that climate change is real, when they’ve calculated a 95% probability that we humans are the cause, and when the main opposition is political, I’ll put my money on science.The U.S. is certainly free to leave the Paris Accord and abdicate its leadership role in this important realm. It won’t help us, though. And it certainly won’t help us do what needs to be done to battle the very real problem of climate change.I’ll end by quoting Neil deGrasse Tyson: “The good thing about science is that it’s true whether or not you believe in it.” Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, building science consultant, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. RELATED ARTICLESGreen Building in the Trump EraThe Paris Agreement on Climate ChangeReport Warns That Climate Change Efforts Are Too Slow Carbon Fees Are Not the Best Solution to Climate Pollution Nine Surprising Signs That Momentum Is Building for Climate ActionHoping for a Climate Change BreakthroughTaking Action on Climate ChangeHalf of All Americans Worry About Climate ChangeGood News Bad News With Climate ChangeSeeking Common Ground on Climate Change PolicyScience, Climate Change, and Policy So the United States has announced it’s withdrawing from the Paris Accord, the international agreement with nonbinding measures to mitigate the effects of climate change. Now everyone’s up in arms, speaking in exasperated tones about the travesty of this decision.“But… but… the science,” they say. Yeah, let’s talk about science.Is science really all it’s cracked up to be?One of the most important facts about science is that you can never absolutely prove anything with it. Let’s take gravity as an example. Isaac Newton is famous for that whole apple-falling-out-of-the-tree thing and his “law of universal gravitation.” The apple falls. He writes an equation. And introductory physics students are punished for centuries.But he could be wrong. What if a skydiver jumps out of a plane and never hits the ground? That’s the end of gravity. All it takes is one case of something not following the scientific idea — whether hypothesis, theory, or law — and that idea is dead. That’s how science works.last_img read more

27 Years Of Microsoft Windows Launches

first_imgTags:#Computer Shopper#Windows 10#Windows 3.0#Windows 8 Related Posts In the spring of 1990, many of the original editorial crew from Computer Shopper magazine found themselves suspended by the magazine’s new owner, Ziff-Davis. As with all of Shopper’s contributing editors, I worked under contract; but nearly all of us, myself included, refused to sign an agreement with Ziff-Davis that would have severely restricted the integrity and independence of what we said in print, as well as limited us to writing exclusively for Ziff-Davis.So a Montgomery, Alabama, entrepreneur named Doug Moore, who imagined himself the next Ted Turner, bankrolled a publication where all of us could continue to publish the same magazine as before, funded in large part by all of Shopper’s former advertisers who failed to “make the cut.”  We were Computer Monthly, but Microsoft, Lotus, Ashton-Tate, Borland, and all the serious software publishers who knew us all by our first names (and me by my pseudonym) thought of us as the Shopper in exile.Computer Shopper hired us originally because we had a knack for filling space, and it had more space to fill than any periodical ever printed: as many as 500 pages per month.  My main Windows 3.0 preview story for Computer Monthly was 7,500 words, plus I added two 2,000-word sidebars. In this series, I interviewed every major executive with a major Windows 3 product to be released in tandem with the new environment. (It was not yet an operating system.) My editor, also a Shopper veteran, told me, “Mr. Scott, you’re a whole goddamn magazine!”Microsoft had given me pre-release samples of Windows 3.0, and interviews with its key engineers.  So I knew some things about where Windows was going that I couldn’t say even then.  Instead, I could allude to them in the intro of my main article:The weeklies and fortnightlies have already extolled the merits of Win3’s “three-dimensional” buttons, proportional text, and now-boundlessly managed memory. Their gold-star awards have no doubt been bestowed upon the product for being the best in its class, albeit the only product in its class.  The “pundits” have already laid blame upon someone for Win3’s alleged tardiness to market. The entire story is so well-patterned that it may be read without ever having laid eyes to the printed page.Yet if we follow the pattern, we miss the real story.  There is a real development taking place between the authors of and for Windows 3, which concerns the remodeling of the computer application. We are familiar with the application as a program and its associated data, which is entered and exited like a jewelry store or a bank. We sometimes see ourselves “in” an application, just as we often see ourselves “in” the subdirectory pointed to by the DOS prompt. The data we need while we’re “in” the program is much like the diamond necklace behind the display case; we’re allowed to look at it and touch it, but unless we’re very crafty, we’re not allowed to take it outside. It doesn’t belong to us — even if the data’s very existence is due to our having typed it in.The entire contraption of the DOS environment — along with the guilt feelings it so subtly leaves us with — are being shattered by Windows 3.  There is a movement under way by Microsoft and its supportive independent software vendors (ISVs) to abolish the structure which grants exclusive ownership rights of a set of data to an application.  Having done that, the movement will also seek to dissolve the programmatic barricade which surrounds the once-exclusive application, and allow for the equal distribution of correlated tasks within an arbitrarily-defined computing job, to other programs non-specifically.…The meta-application is not an inevitable fact of computing; the marketing debacles of cross-vendor cooperation it imposes may render it as ineffective as OS/2 in changing our computing habits. Still, it is something to be wished for; and it is a far more important facet of the Windows 3 story than faceted buttons and little pictures. The way in which world industry and commerce works is not affected in the least by faceted buttons and little pictures.HenceforthThere is good reason to believe that Windows 8 will be the last classic, all-at-once revision of the product line from Microsoft.  From here on out, Windows users will be subscribers, and improvements (assuming that’s what they are) to the system will be made automatically — for most people, silently.One of the metrics we in the technology business have used to make milestones in our lives, will cease to exist.There was a time in the last century when refrigerators were the very symbols of the technologically advanced household, and when Jell-O symbolized the wonders of a new world — one where an everyday family could enjoy a chilled dessert without considering the expense.  There were magazines devoted to the class of consumer who could afford refrigerators, and who wore their status proudly by displaying such magazines on their coffee tables.  Today, refrigerators are not even particularly interesting to professional chefs whose brilliance depends on them.  A fridge is a fridge. You don’t publish blogs about fridges.So we knew it would happen sometime. A day is coming soon when folks will laugh in amazement as they recall standing in line for days waiting to buy a telephone. A PC, if it is still called that, will be a virtual appliance people use to process information and watch their media. What they watch will probably not be about the act of watching media, and whether that makes an impact on their lives, because it won’t. The degree of interest people will invest in whether their computing device comes from Microsoft or Apple will be as low as whether their dishwasher is a GE, an LG or a Whirlpool. They might not even be able to tell you if you asked.  And you won’t ask, because you won’t be interested.And yet life will go on. Kids will still learn new things about great inventions in a brighter world.  Young people will be inspired to chronicle the history of their times.  Great new concepts will transform the way we live, work and think. Technology will mean something else than it means today.  And folks not so young any more will realize when an era has ended, by how little its passage into history makes that much of a difference. Screenshots of Windows 1.0 and Windows 3.0 courtesy Microsoft. scott fulton Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… John, the computer store manager, handed me a pair of five-and-a-quarter-inch floppy disks, and with his characteristic abandonment of everything resembling candor, told me in a voice loud enough for customers in the burger joint across the street to hear: “I’m not really supposed to have these.  And I’m not supposed to be giving them to you.  But I guess it’s too late, because I just did.  So you didn’t see me.”  A self-adhesive label on the top left corner of the first disk was marked in ball-point pen, “MS-DOS Executive.”  That wasn’t its correct name.He had just returned from the National Computer Conference in Chicago, which in July 1985 was the largest convention of its kind.  I wished I had gone that year, but as is often still the case, publishers couldn’t afford to send me.  Like many more computer store managers than he preferred to admit, he’d been given an “advance copy” of the next version of Microsoft’s task switching program, for the express purpose of spreading the word.  Task switchers were very hot sellers; stores like his couldn’t keep Norton Commander or DESQview on the shelves.  Earlier, Microsoft had added an “MS-DOS Executive” to a special release of its operating system for what the world called “IBM-compatible PCs,” or just “clones.”Version 0.x, 1985Microsoft would rarely afford me the opportunity to use the phrase, “It’s like nothing you’ve ever seen before.”  In the software market, there had already been a few decent efforts at graphical task switchers with “high-resolution” VGA graphics (the highest mode supported by IBM PC ATs and 80386-based machines at the time).  By far the best of these had been Digital Research’s (DRI) GEM, the graphical environment Gary Kildall had originally intended to accompany CP/M (the OS that IBM passed up for MS-DOS). But DRI had been tied up in court with Apple, and thus we expected Microsoft’s next-generation “Executive” to look substantially non-Macintosh-ish.  So we were not surprised.A crowd gathered as John fired up the Columbia 386 PC, one of the first clones of the post-AT era (Compaq had already beaten IBM to market with a 386). The blue title screen came up, with an interesting special effect where blocky, white characters converged in the middle to form the “O” in the Microsoft logo.  We saw the name “Microsoft Windows” for the first time. In my fake-poetic voice, I improvised Rod McKuen-like verse around the word “Windows,” before declaring it “a really stupid name.”The problem with task switchers was that they had to remain in memory while the task was launched, so that they could resume when the task was suspended.  Since most systems only had 640K of total memory, the best task switchers left only 512K free.  Windows zero-point-something left about 400, which meant you couldn’t use it in an average PC AT to launch Lotus 1-2-3.But this Columbia 386 had an expansion memory board that kicked its capacity up to a full, screaming megabyte, which was more memory, my first colleagues claimed, that should rightly ever be used in one machine.  The problem with this early release of Windows was that it did not recognize every one-meg memory board available.  So when we first put inserted the labeled disk in the A: drive and typed WIN at the DOS prompt, after the little “O” animation, the system froze.It was after replacing the memory board twice, I think, and commenting out the third-party memory managers from the CONFIG.SYS file, that the graphical screen finally came up.  We had a Microsoft mouse attached to this PC, which looked like a Lifebuoy soap bar with two strips of green pepper glued to it.  Inside it was a steel ball like a shot put, so if you rolled the mouse and let go, it would travel on its own until falling off the desk and onto your toe.I would write up a brief, 2,000-word Windows preview for a company that syndicated my articles in the little handout flyers that computer stores all over the country gave away.  It would be reprinted in PC users’ group newsletters, and on a few hundred BBSes all over North America, by virtue of a network called FidoNet (it still exists today) where host computers literally called one another up by telephone.  Despite being distributed by what today looks like the Pony Express, the article would be published prior to the product’s official release later that year, which meant I had a scoop.  In it, I declared “Windows” (hopefully they’d decide upon a better name) pointless.  If you had the memory expansion card you needed, then you already had the right driver; and if you had the right driver, chances are that it already shipped with a graphical executive. It was a cheap task switcher, I said, which only served to emphasize how far behind the technology curve Intel-based PCs were compared to Motorola-based devices from real companies like Atari.While other companies were smart enough to quit after the first try, I said, Microsoft will probably keep plugging away at this for years to come.Version 3.0, 1990 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

WND partners with Sigfox to supply UK with IoT network

first_imgWhy IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Related Posts Internet of Things network operator Wireless Network Devices (WND) has announced a partnership with Sigfox to build a national UK IoT network by the end of 2018.Sigfox, the French IoT network supplier, switched from British telecommunications company Arqiva to WND earlier this week. The IoT network currently covers 30 percent of the population, mainly focused in 11 metropolitan areas.See Also: Sigfox collaborating with Microsoft’s Azure IoT HubWND will look to extend coverage to 95 percent of all the population by the end of next year and “plug the gaps” created by Arqiva’s deployment, according to Verdict.Sigfox and WND are both seasoned deployers of IoT networks, the former having launched in the Singapore, Taiwan, and the U.S. and the latter winning several contracts for IoT networks in Latin America. This should make the push from 30 percent to 95 percent not that difficult, especially with the lack of competition from mainstream wireless carriers.Both expect to see a surge in coverage over the next year and hopefully a similar surge in interest from the industry at large. There is also hope that the government will move from testing IoT networks to actually greenlighting and funding the commercialization of the low-power, wide-area networks.EE, the most popular wireless carrier in the U.K., has confirmed plans to trial an IoT upgrade to its 4G LTE network by the end of the year. The carrier definitely has the advantage when it comes to spectrum, but doesn’t seem to be in a rush to blanket the UK with networking. Internet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… Follow the Puckcenter_img Tags:#Britain#industry#Internet of Things#IoT#Sigfox#UK#WND David Curry Small Business Cybersecurity Threats and How to…last_img read more

Dont Miss These Great Deals on Electronics Computers TVs and More

first_img Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now » Entrepreneur has an affiliate partnership with TechBargains so we may get a share of the revenue from your purchase.Welcome to TechBargains’ weekly deals where they feature the best deals on electronics, computers, TVs and more. Act fast as stock is limited and these discounts will not last.Samsung 55″ 7-Series 4K UltraHD LED Smart HDTV w/ HDR for $749.99 (Was $1699.99) This Black Friday deal just came back in time for playoffs and the Super Bowl with 45% off list price. This well-reviewed 2016 TV and has the two big advancements you want: 4K and HDR support. For $550 you may not be able to do better on a name brand TV with all these features. Bowflex SelectTech 552 Adjustable Dumbbells (Adjustable between 5 to 52.5lbs) for $236.00 (Was $339.99) Replace an entire rack of weights with these Bowflex Dumbbells. You can select the weight you want within 2.5lbs, so you don’t waste time looking for the set you want. These are the lowest price on Amazon and typically sell for closer to $280 or $290 on sale.TurboTax Deluxe 2016 Federal + State for $39.85 (Was $59.99) Tax software only gets more expensive as tax filing deadlines approach. At a shade under $40 it is the lowest price we expect to see on TurboTax. TurboTax is highly recommended for the easy to use interface and comprehensive walkthrough of all your taxes, both federal and state. The business and premier versions (for those with investment income or are self-employed) are also well discounted over 30% off.Beat PowerBeats 3 Wireless Water Resistant In-Ear Headphones for $149.99 (Was $199.99) These PowerBeats 3 are one of the best-rated wireless headphones you can buy. When you run low on battery a quick five-minute charge will give you an hour of battery. They are quality headphones that are easy to use, have good build quality and sound great. It is everything you would expect from a product from an Apple-owned company.Cheetah Mounts TV Mount with 10ft HDMI Cable and Level Bubble for $18.17 Use code: 667ERJQA. At $20 this is probably the best TV mount you can buy. It has a high quality powder coated steel frame, includes a 10ft HDMI cable and even includes a level so that you don’t have to wonder if you TV was mounted crooked.Ammo Crate Weather Resistant Utility Storage for $13.29 (Was $18.76) It’s a new year and what better way to start off your resolutions by organizing with these awesome ammo crates. They are weather resistant so you won’t have to worry about water damage, designed to be stackable, and double latches for a secure seal and best of all made in the USA.Polaroid Cube HD 1080p Action Camera $59.99 (Was $96.99) Don’t drop a few hundred on a GoPro when this well reviewed Polaroid action camera will do the job at a fraction of the price. These are built to survive and its small size makes it easy to bring with you anywhere.YI Wireless Home Surveillance Camera for $29.49 (Was $44.99) This is one of the best prices on a 720p wireless surveillance camera. You won’t have to pay any monitoring fees like more expensive name branded cameras. You can easily buy multiple cameras for the same price as one Nest camera.Duduma Polarized Sports Superlight Frame Sunglasses for $8.99 (Was $29.98) Use code: E7HPAV36. Polarized sunglasses carry a price premium compared to your regular run of the mill sunglasses. These are fantastic at eliminating glare in situations like driving, boating or outdoor sports. For only $9 you can buy a couple and never worry about losing a pair of hundred dollar shades.For more great deals go to TechBargains.comDisclosure: This is brought to you by the Entrepreneur Partner Studio. Our goal is to feature products and services that we think you’ll find interesting and useful. If you purchase them, we may get a small share of the revenue from the sale from our commerce partners.Have a deal you want to promote? Contact us here. Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.last_img read more

Cubans fret new Trump policy will dampen tourism boom

first_img(Additional Reporting by Matt Spetalnick; Editing by Lisa Shumaker) By: Sarah Marsh and Nelson AcostaSource: Reuters HAVANA — Edi Coba says he is not sure his new rooftop bar in the heart of Old Havana that buzzes at night with hip, tattooed young Americans will survive if U.S. President Donald Trump tightens restrictions on travel to Communist-run Cuba.The bar, which serves cocktails with a view over the capital while DJs spin electronic sets, was created in part to cater to a tourist boom in the wake of the U.S.-Cuban detente. Now, some two thirds of its clientele are Americans.“My friends and I have invested a lot in the possibility of the American public coming, so yes I’m worried,” said Coba, 27, echoing the view of many Cubans working in the relatively lucrative tourism sector.“This bar is quite progressive. It has a modern style and we generally have a lot of Americans.”Women look out from balconies in Havana. (REUTERS/Stringer)Trump is expected to announce a new Cuba policy on Friday likely to tighten some rules on travel and trade, rolling back parts of former President Barack Obama’s opening toward the island, U.S. officials and people familiar with the matter have told Reuters.Cuban state news outlets have barely covered such reports but they have trickled through via illegal satellite television and conversations with relatives abroad. Earlier on Tuesday, state-run Radio Reloj declared: “Here, we are all serene.”“From Eisenhower to Trump, there has never been a North American government looking at Havana with friendship,” the broadcaster said. “For this reason, neither announcements nor new measures will rob us our sleep.”More news:  Can you guess the one and only hotel company to rank on Indeed’s Top Workplaces in Canada list?Many Cubans who have not felt much impact from the detente on their daily lives agree, and feel resigned. After all, the damaging U.S. trade embargo remains in place and they are struggling to get by as the economy wrestles with falling exports and a decline in oil shipments from key ally Venezuela.But for those in the tourism industry, that has benefited tangibly from a threefold increase in U.S. visitors in the past two years, it is a different story.A woman has a drink in a bar in Havana, (REUTERS/Stringer)Americans now make up some 7 percent of total visits – 15 percent including Cuban Americans – and a much larger proportion in Havana given many of Cuba’s tourists are Canadians on package trips who head directly to the beach resorts.“Some 85 percent of our clients are Americans and they are the ones who consume most and pay the best,” said Yuri Barroso, doing promotion for a restaurant on Plaza Vieja, a square surrounded by elegantly restored colonial buildings.Barroso said that if the number of U.S. tourists were to fall again, it would cause “pain for many Cubans” who like him worked in the tourism sector and support their family.The United States still officially prohibits its citizens from visiting Cuba as tourists.A bicycle taxi in Havana. (REUTERS/Stringer)However, travel between the two countries is easier now than it has been in more than half a century thanks to a “general license”, which allows travelers to claim they are visiting family or engaging in business, cultural, religious or educational activities.More news:  Windstar celebrates record-breaking bookings in JulyMany Cubans, like Coba, had been banking on the number of American arrivals continuing to grow. A recent report by the Boston Consulting Group said U.S. visitors to Cuba could rise by as much as sevenfold by 2025.But that now looks unlikely. One proposal under consideration by the Trump administration, according to the U.S. sources, would tighten enforcement to make sure Americans legally fit the categories they claim to be traveling under, which could spook many visitors, wary of receiving a hefty fine.Critics of Obama’s approach contend that many U.S. visitors have taken advantage of eased regulations and looser scrutiny to visit the island for pleasure trips.Another harsher measure – but one considered less likely to be implemented – would be reverting to regulations requiring U.S. travelers to seek a special license to travel to Cuba. Most Americans would therefore likely choose to visit Cuba only as part of a group that organizes the paperwork.Analysts say this would make travel there more expensive and less spontaneous. American visits would likely drop, hurting both U.S. airlines and accommodation services operating there, as well as the Cuban tourism industry.Yaquelin Betancourt, 43, who has been renting out rooms on Airbnb since it entered the Cuban market in 2015, said any decrease would be a severe blow.“I depend on rent to survive,” she said. “If I had Trump in front of me now, I’d say: leave us in peace. This is a people who does not want conflict with the United States.” Cubans fret new Trump policy will dampen tourism boom Sharecenter_img Wednesday, June 14, 2017 Tags: America, Cuba, Donald Trump << Previous PostNext Post >>last_img read more

WestJet suspends 2019 financial guidance following Boeing 737 MAX grounding

center_img Tuesday, March 19, 2019 << Previous PostNext Post >> CALGARY — WestJet has announced that it is suspending all 2019 financial guidance that it previously provided in December 2018 and February 2019 following the grounding of the Boeing 737 MAX aircraft in Canada.According to the carrier, the decision was made in light of Transport Canada’s safety notice to close Canadian airspace to the aircraft until further notice, the Federal Aviation Administration’s temporary grounding order, as well as Boeing’s decision to suspend all MAX deliveries to airline customers.The financial guidance provided with respect to earnings per share (EPS), return on invested capital (ROIC) and cumulative free-cash flow over the period of 2020-2022 remains in place until more information becomes available.The decision comes on the heels of a similar announcement made by Air Canada last week to also suspend all financial guidance it provided on Feb. 15 and Feb. 28 with respect to the 2019 financial year.WestJet enacted its contingency plan immediately and grounded all 13 of its MAX aircraft within 55 minutes of Transport Canada’s order, with only three MAX aircraft outside of its Canadian jurisdiction.More news:  Save the dates! Goway’s Africa Roadshow is backThe airline continues to implement and execute its contingency plan to minimize guest disruption and any financial impact.For the remainder of the first quarter, WestJet expects it will be able to protect approximately 86% of guests booked on MAX flights and cover approximately 75% of the flights that were intended to operate on the MAX with other aircraft.last_img read more