However, Justice Wolayo declined to agree with these fans and explained that the elected candidates can always be thrown out of office if court finds out in the main case that their election was based on irregularities.She then ordered Bazanye and others to pay costs to FUFA president Magogo, FUFA CEO Edgar Watson and the National Council of Sports .Share on: WhatsApp FUFA president Magogo.Kampala, Uganda | GODFREY SSALI | The High Court in Kampala has dismissed an application that had sought to suspend the Federation of Uganda Football Associations (FUFA) presidential elections on August 5, 2017.Justice Henrietta Wolayo based her ruling on the fact that grass root elections are already in advanced stages.Three FUFA fans led by Edwin Bazanye wanted the elections halted on grounds that their case challenging the FUFA electoral laws and guidelines issued by the National Council of Sports (NCS) will be rendered useless since they will have to await for another four years for the presidential term to lapse.The fans had also challenged the fact that the current president Moses Magogo is re-contesting unopposed .
A NEW wind turbine has been successfully removed from the lorry which overturned this morning when taking it to the wind farm to replace an older one which was destroyed by high winds several months ago. The road between Maas and Ardara was closed as a result of the incident which happened earlier this morning. The new €1M turbine is now on site and will replace one which fell over during a storm in May.Two cranes and several lorries spent two days on the windfarm at Loughderryduff, near Mass, Portnoo, as the 245-ft turbine was broken down before being transported to Derry.The turbine, which has a lifespan of around 25 years, fell just four years after being erected in the eight-unit development. NEW TURBINE REMOVED FROM OVERTURNED LORRY AND NOW ON SITE was last modified: September 3rd, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:ArdaraCranesFeatureslorryMaasnewsOverturnedRemovedsiteTurbinewind farm
Exclusive In an unusual mix of metaphors, a pioneer in advanced computing technology gave a lecture at JPL on 11/14 entitled, “Intelligent Design: Using Evolution to Create Complex Systems.” By evolution, it was clear that astronomer Dr. Richard Terrile meant the Darwinian kind. The point of his presentation was that humans can mimic the processes of Darwinian evolution – random mutation and natural selection – to build more powerful problem-solving systems. After all, that’s what biological evolution did, he claimed, when it created eyes, hearts, brains and the most complex, optimized structures in the world. Dr. Terrile noted how a Macintosh laptop resembles a human brain in terms of mass, volume and power requirements, but falls short of computing power by 1/50,000. Moore’s Law assures that we’re catching up, though. Unfortunately, he said, software design has not kept up with the explosive growth in computational power. The future lies not in staying the course with outmoded methods of software engineering, but in mimicking how nature solved complex problems: by evolution. The evolutionary process begins with an informational system – a genome.1 From there, the algorithm is simple: mutate, select, repeat. Out of the astronomical random combinations that result, some .02% may be beneficial. Evolution is very adept at sifting out the worthless variants and capitalizing on the tiny fraction of useful ones, he explained. Given the Himalayas, evolution will find Mt. Everest. Not only that, evolution itself evolves. On a second level, evolution can help a system decide the best way to select the optimal variants. Applying evolutionary computing to data analysis, for instance, can discover optimum ways to perform data analysis. With a touch of humor, Dr. Terrile recognized that his mixed references to “intelligent design” and “Darwinism” might be a little inflammatory, no less his title slide with the image of Michelangelo’s creator. It was apparent throughout the presentation, though, that he really believed that the methods his new Center for Evolutionary Computing is employing exactly mimic the processes of biological evolution. The audience of geeks and gurus interested in this cutting-edge approach to complex systems development, sitting intently, seemed to accept this premise without question.1Dr. Terrile caught himself assuming the prior existence of an information system. He discussed briefly how the universal genetic code spelled in DNA is optimized against point mutations. The chance of that arising naturally, he conceded was one in a million. Therefore, “there must have been some pre-evolution on a molecular scale,” he speculated. See online book for problems with natural selection acting prior to replication.If you need evidence that some of the smartest people in the world can believe the dumbest things, look no further than this case. The methods of “evolutionary computing” have nothing to do with Darwinian evolution and everything to do with intelligent design. What was doing the selecting? Intelligence. What was designing the “fitness function”? Intelligence. What was setting the design requirements, the constraints, the algorithm, and the target? Intelligence. Who built the hardware and the software? Who had a purpose and organized the ingredients toward that purpose? Who decided at the end of the run that the outcome was suitable? Human minds. This was the work of intelligent design from start to finish, from input to output, from concept to reality. Darwin had nothing to do with it. When you add intelligent causes to Darwinism, it ceases to be Darwinism. Charlie envisioned a world of unguided, purposeless, uncaring, random processes with no goal: i.e., evolution, not evaluation. If these experts want to imitate Darwinism, they should take their intelligent hands off the equipment and let come what may. If their computers go extinct, so be it. But to claim their highly-advanced, skilled, goal-oriented efforts are Darwinian is absurd. This is not evolutionary computing, but the latest in iterative and recursive design engineering. Crediting Charlie for this is like crediting Las Vegas for the space program. (That’s Las Vegas, incidentally, with the people removed, and the machines running themselves. Better yet, Las Vegas before man arrived—just a rocky desert receiving copious amounts of energy from the sun and earthquakes—perfect conditions for the emergence of complex systems.) Dr. Terrile felt it politically expedient to disparage intelligent design several times in his lecture. He inserted remarks to assure the audience he was using the phrase “intelligent design” only in a humorous, provocative way, making it clear he was not one of “them” but is a certified Darwinian. His slides included the icons of biological organisms rising higher in complexity, from bacteria to brain, paralleling the evolution of computer technology (the fallacy of association). Yet the substance of his methodology and technology was all about intelligent design, not evolution. Assuming that the guidance of random variations toward design goals is evolutionary, not ID, is worse than shooting oneself in the foot. It is shooting oneself in the brain. One of the best critiques of “evolutionary algorithms” is No Free Lunch by William Dembski. A critique of digital evolution by Royal Truman can be found at the ISCID site. You can also find prior entries on digital evolution from 05/08/2003, 07/04/2004, and 08/20/2002. And now, ladies and gentlemen, you can do your own digital evolution experiment online! Run Perry Marshall’s Random Mutation Generator. As with all computer games, be sure to read the instructions.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Once a dusty, dry and forgotten dormitory for South Africa’s “city of gold”, Soweto is staking its claim to Johannesburg’s riches.The Orlando Towers have become a main attraction in Soweto, mainly for the extreme-sports activities taking place there. (Image: South African Tourism Flickr)Brand South Africa ReporterOnce a dusty, dry and forgotten dormitory for South Africa’s “city of gold”, Soweto is staking its claim to Johannesburg’s riches. At the same time, it is becoming a vibrant, sustainable and economically active city in its own right.Street hawkers unpacking their stock on the side of the road, pedestrians walking to and from work, taxis hooting for passengers and schoolchildren laughing as they walk to school – this is a typical morning in Soweto.Over the years, Soweto has risen from the apartheid era rubble to being one of South Africa’s main tourist destinations. The township has transformed; once consisting of mainly matchbox houses and dusty roads, today it has middle class and even upper class housing.A number of high-rise buildings, malls and shopping centres can also be spotted, another feature that contributes greatly to the changing look of the area.The streets are tarred and most households have access to running water and electricity. Yet a united community is still embraced, and the principle “it takes a whole village to raise a child” is still applied in many parts.And there is a concerted effort to green the once dusty brown area. According to the City of Joburg’s Region D manager for programmes and strategy, Lali Mohlabane, in the last financial year, three mini-parks in Naledi, Meadowlands and Freedom Park were built.LufherengDevelopment is keeping pace. Progress is steadily being made on the Lufhereng project, a mixed-use, mixed-income township situated west of Dobsonville. Already, families have moved into more than a thousand RDP houses. Once complete, it is expected to yield 24 500 homes, with schools, clinics, sports fields and recreational amenities making up a sustainable community.The project will include a significant component of urban agriculture, through small-scale intensive urban agriculture open-field plots, hydroponic farming units and fish breeding schemes.Soweto TheatreMeanwhile, 30% of construction is completed on the long-awaited Soweto Theatre in Jabulani, the first of its kind for a South African township. When complete, the theatre will comprise a 420-seat main venue with an end stage, furnished with wings and buttresses; two smaller venues of 180 and 90 seats; an indoor foyer serving all three venues; multilevel change rooms; storage rooms; and a greenroom.“We are expecting it to be finished by November this year, if all goes according to plan,” Mohlabane said. “The theatre will provide job opportunities for artists, actors, waiters and waitresses and cleaning staff.”The building of the Soweto Theatre is part of a fully fledged business and residential node planned for the suburb of Jabulani, which will include cluster homes, a technikon and a fire station.The precinct will have a R320-million shopping mall, the 300-bed Jabulani Provincial Hospital, and a residential area with three- to five-storey walk-up apartment blocks. Unit prices are expected to range between R300 000 and R500 000.Orlando EkhayaIn 2010, Heroes Bridge was completed at Orlando Ekhaya, a complex under construction in the Sowetan suburb of Power Park. The complex will take up 300 hectares of land, consisting of 30 000 square metres of retail and office space, in the possible seven floors to be created in the power station building. Some 60ha of land is to be allocated to conservation space.There are to be three levels of shops and restaurants within the old power station, with a townhouse complex behind it, and a bird sanctuary and a walkway around the dam, with jetties for water sports.The development will link the University of Johannesburg’s Soweto Campus across the road, in particular with the distinctive koppies behind the main campus, where trails are laid out.Other developments in the region include an emergency shelter in Tladi, and Rea Vaya, the flagship Bus Rapid Transit public transport system.“Rea Vaya came and changed the whole aesthetic structure of Soweto,” Mohlabane said. “The people are really using the buses so we cannot complain in that regard.”Soweto is also home to the world’s biggest hospital, Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in Diepkloof. In addition, there are a number of provincial hospitals and City clinics. There are two private clinics, Tshepo-Themba Clinic in Meadowlands and Lesedi Clinic in Diepkloof.And there is the four-star Soweto Hotel on Freedom Square in Kliptown and a number of bed-and-breakfasts. Along the famous Vilakazi Street, there are well-known restaurants, including Nambitha and Sakhumzi.ChallengesThough the region continues to make significant progress, there are still minor issues that are a continual thorn in the side of its administrators, including: illegal dumping, decaying buildings, blocked sewages and rehabilitation of streets.“To a large extent, communities are to blame for not using properly the equipment that the City has entrusted them with,” Mohlabane said. “Take illegal dumping, for an example; there really is no reason for it, because each household was given a 340-litre bin and our people from Pikitup collect waste on a weekly basis without fail.”Soweto – Johannesburg’s Region D – comprises of a number of suburbs, including: Diepkloof, Meadowlands, Freedom Park, Devland, Naturena, Meredale, Dobsonville, Greater Soweto and parts of Protea Glen. Dominating languages in the region are Zulu, Xhosa, seSotho and Tswana.According to Mohlabane, a large part of Soweto’s economy is informal. “A lot of people in this area who are unemployed operate some kind of informal businesses from their homes or street corners.”Source: City of JohannesburgWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details. Spray-foam insulation is gaining popularity these days, and for good reason. Not only does it offer lots of R-value per inch, but it also air-seals the house. I’ve been building custom homes in North Carolina for more than 20 years, and I’ve been using spray-foam insulation for the past four. These days, all my projects get 8 in. to 12 in. of foam under the roof deck, and I often use foam to insulate walls and crawlspaces as well.Prepping for the spray-foam crew is now just another part of the building process, but it took some time and a lot of stained shingles and concrete for me to figure out the learning curve. Along the way, I discovered that the first hurdle in using spray-foam insulation might just be working with the building inspector. Venting, fire safety, and building officials The first time I insulated an attic with spray foam, the building inspector asked me to supply a letter from my structural engineer stating that the roof framing was strong enough to support the weight of the foam. That might have been the most extreme case of an inspector being misinformed about the properties and benefits of spray-foam insulation, but it wasn’t an isolated case.Code officials in my area value ventilation in attics and crawlspaces so much that they have a hard time with the thought of sealing these areas with foam. So if I’m planning to spray the underside of a roof deck or a crawlspace, I talk to the building inspector during the permitting process to make sure he’s OK with not venting either space.The most common speed bump I run into during these conversations involves roof venting and shingle warranties. If the spray-foam insulation will void the…
What ‘missteps’? Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken They’ll use those gifts to ratchet up the hype during a hot summer culminating in their desert showdown. Along the way, they might even sell the skeptical portion of the public on a fight that — as even its promoters acknowledge — could turn out to be a colossal mismatch.Mayweather apparently learned about McGregor’s verbal skills even before his fighting acumen, according to Mayweather adviser Leonard Ellerbe. McGregor rapidly rose from obscurity to multi-division UFC dominance only because he coupled his mixed martial arts skills with attention-grabbing soundbites.“This kid, he’s been making a lot of noise,” Ellerbe said, recalling the reason that he first introduced Mayweather to video of McGregor’s punching power.In this file photo, Conor McGregor stands on a scale during the weigh-in event for his fight against Eddie Alvarez in UFC 205. APMayweather and McGregor have traded innumerable shots online and through the media while this fight evolved from a preposterous barroom fantasy discussion into a real thing.McGregor even talked about it back in 2015, when he told Esquire that he would “kill (Mayweather) in less than 30 seconds” and affirmed his interest in the bout while appearing on Conan O’Brien’s talk show.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Curry, Durant committed to keeping Golden State on top McGregor ignited the hype in May 2016 by posting a mock-up of a fight poster on Twitter. Mayweather responded three weeks later with his own less polished version of a poster, and the unbeaten champion claimed he had started the rumors of a McGregor bout.With little to lose and immeasurable wealth and fame to gain, McGregor used his public platform in promoting his UFC bouts last year to take repeated jabs at the 40-year-old Mayweather’s age, declining skills and unwillingness to end his retirement.McGregor turns 29 next month, making him decidedly middle-aged in pro sports, yet he takes humorous delight in painting himself as a raw youngster going against a grizzled old-timer.As recently as December, Ellerbe said a Mayweather-McGregor fight would never happen because the UFC’s top brass wouldn’t allow it. UFC President Dana White also acknowledges he was once lukewarm about the possibility, believing Mayweather wouldn’t risk his legacy.And then in January, McGregor posted a cartoon on Instagram in which he stood over a flattened Mayweather, holding both fighters’ championship belts aloft. As a bonus, McGregor’s caption read: “Call me CJ Watson!” in a biting reference to the former NBA guard who had a relationship with Josie Harris, the mother of Mayweather’s children.Mayweather replied eight days later with an Instagram post of an infographic comparing the fighters’ net worth. In the caption, Mayweather instructed McGregor: “Before you ask for $25 million, be worth more than $25 million.”Vegas sports books introduced a betting line on the bout in February.Mayweather had clearly warmed to the idea of fighting McGregor by March, when he told fans in Britain that he would come out of his latest retirement to take on the challenge. That same month, McGregor showed up in a fur coat at fellow Irishman Michael Conlan’s boxing debut at Madison Square Garden and harangued the assembled media with a rant punctuated by his latest catchphrase: “I am boxing!”After posting a video on April 20 in which he shadowboxed and insulted Mayweather’s courage, McGregor took a brief break from his social media pursuit of Mayweather after his first son was born in May.Mayweather went back to his usual retirement métier: Posting photos of himself surrounded by the trappings of outlandish wealth. Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire And then the megafight was on, after remarkably simple negotiations among the UFC, Mayweather Promotions and Showtime.A national press tour is expected to kick off soon. Mayweather and McGregor will spend the summer showing off their promotional gifts for a fight that started as a social media argument — and became the main event of the year.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage Mayweather and McGregor revealed their plan Wednesday (Thursday Manila time) to fight on August 26 in Las Vegas. In an appropriate move for a fight that grew into reality after two years of verbal jousting and several months of social-media skewering, the two titans of their respective sports confirmed the news on their Instagram accounts.And in another preview of what everyone should expect during their summer of promotion, McGregor’s post included his photo opposite Floyd Mayweather Sr., the boxer’s 64-year-old father, with a straight-faced caption: “THE FIGHT IS ON.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutFew athletes in recent sports history have sold their sports better than the imperious Mayweather and the loquacious McGregor.Both fighters have spent years crafting outlandish public personae characterized by a few common themes: cartoonish arrogance, a fetishistic obsession with money and an eagerness to make reckless pronouncements about their opponents, their opponents’ fans — and, increasingly, each other. Floyd Mayweather Jr. attends a news conference Wednesday, April 29, 2015, in Las Vegas. Mayweather will face Manny Pacquiao in a welterweight boxing match in Las Vegas on May 2. APNobody truly knows whether Floyd Mayweather’s boxing match with Conor McGregor will turn out to be a unique spectacle or an overhyped debacle.The only certainty is that the next 2½ months of hype will be a masterpiece of fight promotion from two of the best ever to play that game.ADVERTISEMENT View comments
Man Utd boss Solskjaer confident going to Newcastleby Paul Vegas21 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer is optimistic they can win at Newcastle and end their long wait for an away win stretching back to Paris Saint-Germain in March.However, he knows there will be no favours from his former teammate Steve Bruce who is already under pressure after a difficult start at Newcastle.”I do feel it’s going to come,” said the United boss. “There’s no point me talking about it. I’ll get your questions until we do win. If we don’t we’ll get this on Sunday as well.”We are a team that can be set up well to play away from home. Sometimes you can play on the counter. We didn’t really get the counter-attacks as we wanted to (against Alkmaar).”As managers we don’t want to give anyone any favours when we play each other. Brucey’s going to set up a team to win, and I’m going to set up a team to try to win. It’s a great stadium to play at. We’re looking forward to the game, and hopefully we’ve got many players fresh for Sunday.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
GLENDALE, AZ – JANUARY 01: Wide receiver Chris Brown #2 of the Notre Dame Fighting Irish runs with the football against safety Vonn Bell #11 of the Ohio State Buckeyes (back) and cornerback Eli Apple #13 (front) during the third quarter of the BattleFrog Fiesta Bowl at University of Phoenix Stadium on January 1, 2016 in Glendale, Arizona. The Buckeyes defeated the Fighting Irish 44-28. (Photo by Christian Petersen/Getty Images)Neither Ohio State nor Notre Dame will have a chance to play for a national title this year, but the Buckeyes and the Fighting Irish did still qualify for a New Year’s Six bowl game. Sunday afternoon, ESPN announced that OSU and ND, the No. 7 and No. 8 ranked teams in the country, will play in the Fiesta Bowl on New Year’s Day. The Big Ten’s Rose Bowl bid went to Iowa – the nation’s fifth-ranked team – instead of Ohio State.Regardless, it should be a fantastic contest between two historic programs. In fact, it may be the most intriguing matchup outside the playoff.The Buckeyes and the Fighting Irish are headed to the @BattleFrogUS #FiestaBowl! @OhioStAthletics @NDFootball pic.twitter.com/PYsPIHzbjM— Fiesta Bowl (@Fiesta_Bowl) December 6, 2015You can see the entire College Football Playoff rankings here.
Step 8: If no QBs are left, the RB wins. If a QB remains, he wins.Players eliminated: 10Players clinched: 12Players remaining: 0Who it knocks out this year: Nobody.Who it clinches the Heisman for this year: Baker Mayfield, OklahomaThe final step is a little chaotic. First, you check if any quarterbacks are left after pruning down the list based on statistics and team losses. If there’s a QB who survived all of the checkpoints above, that player wins the Heisman. (Congrats to Baker Mayfield of Oklahoma, tonight’s likely winner!) If there is no QB left over, the trophy goes to the running back who cleared all of the statistical benchmarks from Step 7. The one exception: If the remaining QB had fewer than 4,000 passing yards and 40 touchdown passes, and a surviving RB eclipsed 2,200 yards from scrimmage on a team with zero or one losses, the Heisman goes to the running back. (This gets us Reggie Bush over Brady Quinn in 2005 and Derrick Henry over Mayfield in 2015 but preserves Carson Palmer’s win over Larry Johnson in 2002.)12Penn State had 3 losses heading into its bowl game that year. For running backs, you gotta be in peak form to knock off a qualified QB. And that’s all there is to it! It’s just that simple. Follow the eight steps above, and you’re guaranteed to be holding the Heisman on a December night in New York City. (Until something unexpected happens — in which case we’ll tweak the rules to make it fit. Science!) It’s Heisman Trophy time! In advance of the upcoming announcement, we wanted to scientifically determine how the voters choose the winner. Using our combined expertise in analytics — one of us has a Ph.D. in political science (with a focus on complex systems) and the other was a stats consultant for a professional team — we discovered an amazingly simple formula for becoming a Heisman Trophy winner. We couldn’t keep this newfound knowledge to ourselves, so we thought we’d share our findings with all the college football players out there so they can plan accordingly. Step 3: Be on a team that has three or fewer losses.Players eliminated: 21Players remaining: 108Who it knocks out this year: Bryce Love, Stanford; Lamar Jackson, Louisville; Khalil Tate, ArizonaUnfortunately, winning the Heisman isn’t just about individual excellence. The award disproportionately goes to players on the top teams in the country. Since 1998, 32 percent of Heisman winners have been on a team that was undefeated going into its bowl game, and 26 percent were from a team with just one loss. Meanwhile, no player on a team with more than three losses has won the award. That’s bad news for two of this season’s finalists — Stanford’s Bryce Love and Louisville’s Lamar Jackson, each of whom plays for a four-loss squad. The good news, Bryce and Lamar, is you can tell your grandkids it wasn’t your fault. Step 7: Meet some not-so-basic statistical thresholds (if you’re an RB).Players eliminated: 15Players remaining: 22Who it knocks out this year: Jonathan Taylor, Wisconsin; Saquon Barkley, Penn State; Kerryon Johnson, AuburnEven though they do win sometimes, Heisman life is hard for running backs. Because voters want so desperately to give the award to a QB, the statistical bar a ball carrier needs to clear in order to qualify for the award is pretty high. In our sample of seasons since 1998, no RB won the Heisman with fewer than:1,980 yards from scrimmage16 rushing TDsThose are extremely lofty standards that few running backs can match. None of our remaining running backs met those requirements this season,11Bryce Love is currently only 7 yards shy of this requirement and is likely to hit this in his bowl game. But we eliminated him back in Step 3. which leaves us with only one clear Heisman favorite for 2017. Step 5: Meet some basic statistical thresholds (if you’re a QB).Players eliminated: 28Players remaining: 50Who it knocks out this year: Nobody.Although a player’s statistics aren’t perfectly correlated with his chances of winning the Heisman, there is a bare minimum level of output you have to meet in order to seriously contend for the award. For quarterbacks, those numbers are mostly associated with passing (surprise!), but they can be augmented slightly with rushing. No QB left in our sample won the award with worse stats than:30 passing TDs1 rushing TD11 interceptionsThese qualifications cull the list of historical hopefuls considerably, narrowing it down to quarterbacks who were highly productive rather than marginal candidates who survived the previous cuts by being on a good team from a big conference. All of 2017’s remaining QB contenders passed those benchmarks with flying colors, though, so, sadly, this step doesn’t help us zero in on a winner for this year. Step 6: If you’re a QB, have fewer team losses than the other QBs.Players clinched: 1Players eliminated: 12Players remaining: 37Who it knocks out this year: Mason Rudolph, Oklahoma State; J.T. Barrett, Ohio StateAs we mentioned earlier, Heisman voters are all about QBs who just win, baby. So at this stage, we reshuffle every signal-caller who hasn’t yet been eliminated and keep only the passer whose team lost the fewest games heading into its bowl (using total touchdowns as the tiebreaker). There is one exception to this rule: If a QB with more losses registered 5,000 or more yards of total offense in a season when no other passer cracked 4,000, that quarterback leapfrogs everyone to win the Heisman.9Obviously. But it’s a rare exception, invoked only once in our sample: When Robert Griffin III (whose Baylor Bears lost three games) got the hardware over Andrew Luck (one loss). Talk about tough Luck.10RGIII’s win here also eliminates RBs Montee Ball, Trent Richardson and LaMichael James Step 4: Run for 15 or more touchdowns (if you’re a QB).Players clinched: 6Players eliminated: 24Players remaining: 78Who it knocks out this year: Nobody.The Heisman loves quarterbacks — they’ve won 14 of the 19 trophies handed out since 1998 — but not always for their passing skills. When a running QB has an especially great season, the voters are quick to show him some love: Of the seven historical QBs with 15 or more rushing TDs (among those we haven’t already eliminated), six — Marcus Mariota, Eric Crouch, Cam Newton, Lamar Jackson, Johnny Manziel and Tim Tebow — ended up winning the Heisman. And the seventh — Kansas State’s Collin Klein — had the bad fortune to produce his season the same year Manziel pulled off the feat with better overall numbers.6Manziel crushed Klein in terms of total offense, with 5,116 yards to 3,561. We’ve avoided the guideline this year, though; no remaining QB on our list came close to 15 scores on the ground, since Lamar Jackson was eliminated in Step 2.7The Heisman world is a harsh world. But the broader life lesson remains: It isn’t about personal accomplishment, it’s about how good you are compared with everyone else.(Note: The statistics we used for historical candidates were through the end of the bowls, which isn’t ideal — but hey, you work with what you’ve got.8You might even call it the ol’ “college football try.” But because we believe in fairness, we prorated this year’s candidates’ stats for an extra game going forward. You’re welcome!) Using the top 10 in the voting each year since 1998,1We chose 1998 as our starting point because that was the first season of the Bowl Championship Series, when college football’s true modern era began. (And not at all because the 1997 Heisman race is difficult to model.) we analyzed 191 Heisman nominees to figure out what tends to separate the winner from the rest. Then, we applied it to this year’s likely hopefuls to see how they’d fare.2Thanks to a 10th place tie last year, we have an odd number in our sample.Here’s our foolproof plan for Heisman glory:(Note: We intentionally jury-rigged some of these rules and thresholds to perfectly explain the past winners in our sample. We know, we know: It’s not exactly statistically kosher for making future “out of sample” predictions — and may or may not violate rules of “basic scientific inference.” But it’s fun! And regardless of our playful cherry-picking, we still might learn something about the selection process along the way, in spite of ourselves.)Step 1: Be a QB or an RB.Players eliminated: 35Players remaining: 156Who it knocks out this year: Ed Oliver, HoustonWe found that only eight positions have ever been among the top 10 nominees for a Heisman, and only two — quarterback and running back — have won since 1998. (The others to make a top 10 all-time are DB, DL, LB, TE and WR,3Which were called “ends” in ye olden days of football. plus exactly one OL.) Voters’ hard-and-fast dedication to QBs and RBs hasn’t always been as rigid; several receivers and tight ends won the award in previous eras, and Charles Woodson won as a defensive player in 1997.4Woodson also returned kicks, though, and occasionally played receiver on offense. But for the most part, you aren’t winning the Heisman unless you’re a QB or an RB, particularly in recent seasons. (Sorry if rushing or passing just isn’t your thing.) Step 2: Be part of a Power Five conference (or Notre Dame).Players eliminated: 27Players remaining: 129Who it knocks out this year: McKenzie Milton, UCF; Rashaad Penny, San Diego StateOf the 11 conferences represented among our 191 players, only five — not coincidentally, the current Power Five conferences of 2017 (so, the ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12 and SEC) — plus Notre Dame5Which is independent but gets the same treatment as a power-conference school, because, well, it’s Notre Dame. were actually home to a Heisman winner. In order to find a Heisman recipient from a non-power conference, you’d have to go back to 1990, when Ty Detmer of Brigham Young (which played in the WAC) took home the award. Although some minor-conference stars have come vaguely close over the past decade — in our sample, Northern Illinois’s Jordan Lynch and Hawaii’s Colt Brennan each finished third — it’s extremely unlikely that one would have a season spectacular enough to offset the voters’ preference for big-program stars.