Tom Cairney scored his fourth goal in as many games but Fulham were pegged back before half-time by an outstanding strike from Lewis Cook.Having struck twice in the win over Charlton on Saturday, Cairney produced another fantastic finish – a left-footed volley from the edge of the box – to put Fulham in front at Elland Road after 17 minutes.Slavisa Jokanovic’s side almost scored moments before that when Ross McCormack’s shot was headed on to his own crossbar by Sol Bamba.Aside from a couple of scares, when Bamba scooped over and Tom Adeyemi fired past the angle of post and bar, Fulham looked comfortable for much of the first half.They had further sorties down the left flank through Luke Garbutt, who was twice denied by Leeds keeper Marco Silvestri.But the latter save proved important as the home side immediately levelled, on 38 minutes, as Cook produced a spectacular shot from 30 yards which soared into the corner.Leeds then finished the half the strongest and Fulham keeper Andy Lonergan was twice called into action, blocking Souleymane Doukara’s shot with his legs and claiming Mirco Antenucci’s header.Fulham: Lonergan; Madl, Burn, Amorebieta; Fredericks, Cairney, O’Hara, Baird, Garbutt; Dembele, McCormack.Subs: Lewis, Richards, Stearman, Hyndman, Tunnicliffe, Kacaniklic, Smith.Leeds: Silvestri; Coyle, Bamba, Cooper, Taylor; Adeyemi, Diagouraga; Cook, Mowatt, Doukara; Antenucci.Subs: Peacock-Farrell, Wootton, Berardi, Murphy, Dallas, Botaka, Erwin.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Finch beaks, peppered moths, transitional forms – the standard props for evolution have been scrutinized ad infinitum for decades. Can anything new be said about them? Find out in these recent articles.Peppered moths: The peppered-moth story just about collapsed when investigators realized that the famous pictures that adorn textbooks were staged, because the moths do not normally reside on tree trunks, but in the branches. Other critics pointed out that no evolution occurred – just shifts in abundances of existing varieties of the same species. Moreover, it was never proved that changes in coloration were related to predation by birds. Seeing this icon under assault was enough to make staunch evolutionist Jerry Coyne feel like discovering Santa Claus was really his dad (07/05/2002). Nevertheless, another peppered-moth paper appeared in PNAS recently.1 The authors did not add anything of substance; they only provided evidence that a shift in populations across a region requires many generations. The notable aspect is what was lacking: no mention of the controversy, no mention of the critics who found flaws in the previous studies (like Judith Hooper, 06/25/2004), and no indication that the peppered moth evidence is useless for evolution anyway. Quite the contrary. Kettlewell (who glued moths to tree trunks) was cited favorably, and the article began triumphantly, “Historical datasets documenting changes to gene frequency clines are extremely rare but provide a powerful means of assessing the strength and relative roles of natural selection and gene flow.”Darwin’s finches: The Galapagos finches are to Darwinism what the Statue of Liberty is to America: the leading light of evidence for natural selection. What they are not, Jonathan Wells argued in Icons of Evolution, is evidence for macroevolution, because the changes oscillate back and forth with no real trend either way. Furthermore, after all the flutter of scientific papers, the finches are still finches. Most varieties on the islands are still interfertile. It seems it would be hard to add anything to the work of David Lack and Peter and Rosemary Grant, work that covers decades of observations (03/04/2008 bullet 4, 07/14/2006). Nonetheless, PhysOrg reported on work by a team from University of Massachusetts at Amherst that “Offers Rare Glimpse Into How Species Diverge.” What else is new? Previous researchers had already shown that environmental changes can trigger adaptive changes, primarily in beak size and shape. The team must have had fun figuring this out again, because one said, “Witnessing this dynamic tug of war among environmental factors is very exciting.” The punch line that deflates the excitement came at the end of the article:The behavioral ecologist points out that this process has been known to change in the other direction; one species can emerge where once there had been two, if environmental factors press in that direction. Thus Podos and colleagues have not necessarily witnessed the birth of a new finch species at El Garrapatero. In wetter years with more abundant food, selection may be less intense and medium-beaked populations may rebound. But the researchers suggest that understanding the relative strength of disruptive selection in different environmental directions could provide key insights into the speciation process.They speak of “key insights” in future tense. What, exactly, was demonstrated that was not already common knowledge? Finch beaks change slightly depending on the food available. That claim is not controversial even to creationists. This team just stated two conclusions unhelpful to Darwin: that they didn’t observe any new species coming into being, and that two species can merge into one. How did finches arise in the first place? No researcher at the Galapagos has answered that question. But that was Darwin’s question: the origin of species.Tiktaalik again: Among the alleged transitional forms demonstrating “great transformations” in evolutionary history, Tiktaalik is a relative newbie. Neil Shubin’s 2006 discovery of an alleged tetrapod ancestor made a splash on TV and became the centerpiece of his book, Your Inner Fish. This fossil, however, is only one contender for the title (e.g., 10/20/2006). Shubin’s pet fish-a-pod is not wholeheartedly endorsed by other paleontologists; nor do paleontologists look for a straight-line series leading from one body form to another as they did in the days of belief in orthogenesis. As with other alleged transitional forms, Tiktaalik contains a confusing mosaic of features evolutionists consider primitive and derived. Casey Luskin on Evolution News showed reports of other scientists claiming that the quality of this evolutionary icon is poor in retrospect. Last month’s paper on Tiktaalik in Nature2 did not make as much of a splash. Shubin and team claimed more transitional features in the cranium. National Geographic endowed it as the fish with the first neck, and Science Daily dressed it up in a series declaring the hyomandibula is shrinking toward becoming an ear bone (cf. 03/19/2007). Other than that, very few mentioned this latest claim. We’ll have to wait and see if the quality of the icon has improved.Not one of these papers mentioned the controversial aspects of the icons.1. Saccheri et al, “Selection and gene flow on a diminishing cline of melanic peppered moths,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, October 21, 2008 vol. 105 no. 42 16212-16217, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0803785105.2. Downs, Daeschler, Jenkins and Shubin, “The cranial endoskeleton of Tiktaalik roseae,” Nature 455, 925-929 (16 October 2008) | doi:10.1038/nature07189.Leftovers again. High-profile criticisms, not just from creationists, have been leveled at these so-called proofs of evolution. It would seem in the interest of publishers to air the controversies and deal with them, rather than present the icons as news.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The circus is doing a Proudly South African show, with excellent local acts, including Suzanne Wilkie with her delightful dogs and beautiful ponies, on Sunday afternoon, November 24, in the Big Top at the Boswell Wilkie circus farm at Randvaal.It will be a fun-filled family show, a 90-minute escape to the glittering fairytale world of circus.In October 2001, the Boswell Wilkie Circus gave its last show as a “travelling” circus, after nearly 50 years on the road. Since then the circus folk have been delighting both adults and children giving them the opportunity to perform in their own show on birthdays and special occasions.But here it is again – the real thing, an afternoon in the fantasy wonderland of the circus.Tickets are R39 each, which can be booked online at the Boswell Wilkie Circus web site. Detailed directions are also on the site. Light meals and drinks can be obtained at the Cafe du Cirque and there is a fresh produce shop on the farm.Source: Boswell Wilkie Circus
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest This Ohio crop progress update from USDA-NASS sponsored by Bane-Welker Equipment.Many fields were still too wet for fieldwork but some producers were able to push through wet conditions and 100 complete some planting activities, according to Cheryl Turner, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Ohio Field Office. 80 There were 2.7 days suitable for fieldwork in Ohio during the week ending May 26. Excess rain in many areas continued to stall fieldwork progress. Some corn and soybeans were planted in well drained fields. There were some reports of failed wheat and alfalfa due to saturated soils. Hay and pasture were in good condition but experiencing a lot of weed growth. Reports of tornados and strong winds caused further crop damage in parts of the State. Very little fieldwork was done last week.Nationally, crop progress came in at 58% corn planted, below the 90% average.Soybeans are 29% planted, compared to an average of 66%.Click here to read the full report.